What Should I Put In The Bottom Of My Wildlife Pond?

Do you want to create a stunning wildlife pond in your garden? If so, there are many things to consider before starting such a project. One of the most important decisions is what kind of material to use for the pond’s bottom. With the right choice, you can create an environment that will attract and support a wide variety of species!

In this article, we’ll explore the various materials you can use to line the bottom of your wildlife pond. We’ll discuss why each option is suitable and how they impact water quality and biodiversity. Finally, we’ll provide some tips on how to select the best material for your pond.

By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your wildlife pond will be beautiful, healthy, and full of life! So if you’re ready to take on this exciting project, keep reading to find out what should go in the bottom of your wildlife pond.

Aquatic Plants

Adding aquatic plants to a wildlife pond is an essential part of creating a healthy ecosystem. They provide food, shelter, and oxygen for the animals that will inhabit them. Furthermore, they help to purify the water by absorbing nutrients that can be harmful to fish and other creatures if they accumulate in large quantities.

Aquatic plants are usually easy to find and relatively inexpensive. There is a wide variety of types available, so it’s important to choose ones suited to your climate and pond size. Many of them can also be planted directly in the water or grown in containers on shelves around the pond’s edge.

Whatever type of aquatic plant you choose, make sure it is well-maintained and kept trimmed back so it doesn’t take over the entire pond. This will ensure that your wildlife pond remains a vibrant habitat for its inhabitants and visitors alike!

Fish And Other Animals

When adding life to your wildlife pond, fish and other animals are a great addition. As long as you make sure the pond is properly stocked, you can create an inviting habitat for a variety of species. You should check with your local conservation office to determine which species of fish will be best suited for the environment. Additionally, adding frogs, turtles, and other aquatic animals will help provide food sources and shelter for the fish.

It’s important to consider all aspects of the pond’s ecosystem when introducing new species. Make sure the size of the pond is suitable for the type of animal you’re introducing: larger ponds can accommodate larger numbers of fish than smaller ones. Equally important is water quality; keep it clean by regularly testing levels of pH, dissolved oxygen, and ammonia levels in order to ensure a healthy environment for your aquatic inhabitants.

Adding plants will also help add more natural habitat and stability to the pond’s ecosystem. Submerged plants like hornwort and parrot feathers are ideal for providing oxygen and hiding places for small fish or invertebrates like snails or shrimp. Floating plants such as water lilies or duckweed can provide cover from predators as well as add additional shade to help keep water temperatures regulated in warmer months.

Gravel Or Sand

Gravel or sand is essential for the bottom of a wildlife pond. Its purpose is to provide a cushion and stabilizer for fish, amphibians, and other aquatic life. A layer of gravel or sand will also help to protect their delicate eggs from predators.

The substrate should be at least three inches deep. If you choose to use gravel, it should be smooth river gravel with no sharp edges that could injure the animals living in your pond. On the other hand, if you decide to opt for sand, make sure it is clean, non-toxic play sand with no additives or chemicals.

Adding both gravel and sand will create a more natural look for your pond and increase the amount of biological filtration happening in the water column. This will help keep your pond healthy and balanced for all its inhabitants. Make sure to rinse any added material before placing them in your pond so they won’t cloud up the water.

Rocks, Logs, And Other Structures

Adding rocks, logs, and other structures to the bottom of a wildlife pond can be an important step in creating a healthy environment. These features provide shelter and hiding places for fish and other aquatic creatures. Plus, they also help create pockets of oxygen-rich water throughout the pond.

Rocks should be large enough that they are too heavy to move around in the pond, but small enough that they can easily be moved into place without needing heavy construction equipment. When deciding on logs and other structures, look for pieces with lots of nooks and crannies for animals to hide in. Natural materials like cedar, birch, or oak make great choices since they will decompose over time and become part of the natural ecosystem.

When placing rocks, logs, or other structures at the bottom of your wildlife pond, remember to leave some open areas as well. This allows sunlight to reach plants growing beneath the surface and provides space for aquatic life to swim. It’s also important to avoid placing objects too close together as this can lead to overcrowding in the pond. With careful planning, you can create a safe habitat for aquatic creatures while also providing plenty of visual interest for yourself!

Planting Pots

Planting pots are a great way to add a wide variety of plants to a wildlife pond. Installing planting pots gives you the flexibility to select aquatic and terrestrial plants, as well as providing shallow water depths for marginal plants that prefer shallow areas. You can use large or small planting pots, depending on the size of the pond.

When selecting planting pots for your wildlife pond, make sure they have good drainage holes at the bottom and sides. This will allow oxygenated water to flow through the soil and roots of the plants, giving them enough oxygen to survive. Also, be sure to choose a potting material that won’t leach harmful chemicals into the water or degrade quickly from UV exposure.

Finally, remember that positioning your planting pots is key in ensuring the successful growth of your aquatic plants. Place them in areas with slow-moving water currents so that soils don’t get washed away and provide plenty of sunlight for photosynthesis. With these tips, you’ll have vibrant plant life in no time!

Waterfall Or Other Water Features

One of the most important aspects to consider when planning a wildlife pond is how to create an inviting area for local wildlife. The sixth component to consider is adding a waterfall or other water features. Not only will this help oxygenate the water and provide a unique habitat, but it can also provide stunning visuals and create a more naturalistic atmosphere.

Water features, such as waterfalls, fountains, cascades, or sprays can be added easily with pumps and piping kits. These kits come in various sizes to accommodate any desired look or size of the pond. They are also relatively easy to install and maintain with general maintenance once every few months.

Adding these features to your pond makes it an ideal environment for attracting local wildlife and can be an interesting feature in any garden. With careful consideration of the size, shape, and design of the feature it can really add another dimension to your pond which will be appreciated by both you and your local wildlife.

Aquatic Fertilizers

Aquatic fertilizers are an important part of creating a healthy wildlife pond. They can help provide essential nutrients to the plants in the water and help keep algae growth in check. The type of fertilizer you use will depend on your specific pond environment, so it’s important to research what kind of fertilizer is best for your pond.

When adding aquatic fertilizers, it’s important to follow the instructions carefully. Too much fertilizer can cause an imbalance in the pond, leading to an unhealthy environment for both plants and animals. Additionally, it’s important to make sure that any fertilizers used are safe for fish and other wildlife inhabiting the pond.

It’s also a good idea to use natural forms of aquatic fertilizing when possible. This could include using fallen leaves or compost from around the area to provide nutrients naturally. Even if you’re using synthetic fertilizers, adding these natural materials can help create a balanced environment for the wildlife in your pond.

Pond Liners

When it comes to creating a wildlife pond, the liner is one of the most important components. It helps protect the pond from leaks and provides an essential barrier between the water and its surrounding environment. Installing a pond liner is relatively easy: all you need is some basic DIY skills.

There are several different types of liners available on the market, including synthetic rubber, PVC, or plastic-coated fabric. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages so make sure you do your research before purchasing one. The size and shape of your pond will also influence which type of liner you should choose.

Depending on the material used for your liner, it may last for many years without needing replacement or repair. Regular maintenance can help extend its lifespan even further. Make sure to keep an eye out for any signs of deterioration over time to ensure your wildlife pond remains in good condition.

Biological Filters

Biological filters are an important part of maintaining a healthy wildlife pond. They can help keep the water free from harmful bacteria, making it safer for both wildlife and humans who come in contact with it. In addition, they can also help to keep the water clear by removing any solid waste or algae particles that may be floating around.

Installing a biological filter is relatively easy and doesn’t require much maintenance. All that’s needed is to ensure that the filter is cleaned regularly and that any debris or dirt is removed so that it can continue to function as intended. Additionally, it’s also important to check levels of oxygen and other key elements regularly; this will ensure that all living organisms in the pond remain healthy and safe.

A biological filter is a great way to make sure your wildlife pond stays clean and healthy for years to come. With proper installation and regular maintenance, you’ll be able to enjoy a beautiful aquatic ecosystem without having to worry about its health.

Oxygenating Plants

Oxygenating plants are essential for keeping a wildlife pond healthy and balanced. They help to keep the water clean by absorbing nutrients that algae need to grow. Additionally, these plants provide oxygen to the pond, which is necessary for all aquatic life.

When choosing oxygenating plants for your pond, look for varieties such as hornwort and anacharis. These fast-growing species help maintain a high oxygen level in the water throughout the day. They also provide cover and food sources for fish and other creatures living in your pond.

To get the most out of your oxygenating plants, make sure they get plenty of sunlight so they can photosynthesize properly. Plant them in shallow areas with at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. For extra protection, place a net over your pond to help keep out predators like herons that could eat your oxygenating plants or disturb other aquatic life. With proper care, these plants will do wonders for maintaining a healthy wildlife pond environment.


A wildlife pond is an excellent addition to any garden and can provide a haven for wildlife and aquatic life alike. With careful planning and the right materials, you can create your own ecosystem in your backyard. The bottom of your wildlife pond should be filled with plants, fish, and other animals, gravel or sand, rocks, logs, and other structures, planting pots, fertilizers, pond liners, and biological filters. Oxygenating plants will help to improve water quality by introducing oxygen into the water.

By carefully selecting the right materials for the bottom of your wildlife pond, you can ensure that it is able to support a wide variety of aquatic life. Not only will this make the pond look more attractive but it can also provide important habitat for many species of animals and plants. It is also important to regularly maintain your pond on a weekly basis in order to keep it healthy and functioning properly.

Creating a wildlife pond in your backyard is an incredibly rewarding experience that allows you to observe nature up close in its natural environment. By taking into consideration all of the components mentioned above when building your pond, you will be well on your way towards creating a beautiful ecosystem for both yourself and the local wildlife!

Should I put anything in the bottom of my pond?

While there are many benefits to adding Pondscum to your pond, it is important to first consult with a qualified professional. Adding Pondscum can introduce unwanted organisms that can harm fish and other aquatic life. Additionally, it is possible that the new material will not dissolve and will accumulate over time, creating an unsightly mess. If you're unsure of how or whether Pondscum would work in your pond, be sure to speak with a reputable company that can help guide you in the right direction.

Do you need pebbles on bottom of a pond?

No, you don't need pebbles on the bottom of a pond. Over time, the settling of sediment will naturally create an even surface for water to flow over and help to keep your pond clean and healthy.